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  4. 【英语语法】独立主格结构中分词的时态和语态

【英语语法】独立主格结构中分词的时态和语态

2012/12/24 3231 JJ
【英语语法】独立主格结构中分词的时态和语态,珠海IBS编辑和大家分享独立主格结构中分词的时态和语态的例句说明,请阅读下文. 独立主格结构中分词的时态和语态 例如: He lay on the grass,the sun shining upon him. (the sun 和 shine 是主动的关系)

英语语法独立主格结构中分词的时态和语态,珠海IBS编辑和大家分享独立主格结构中分词的时态和语态的例句说明,请阅读下文。

独立主格结构中分词的时态和语态

例如:


He lay on the grass,the sun shining upon him. (the sun 和 shine 是主动的关系)

【译文】他躺在草地上,阳光洒照在他的身上。


All things considered,l think we ought to give the job to George, (all things 和 consider 是被动的关系)

=If all things are considered,! think we ought to give the job to George.

【译文】考虑到方方面面的因素,我认为应该让乔治来做这件工作。


With plenty of homework to do/to be done,Tom will have to stay up tonight.(此处既可用不定式的主动形式,也可用被动形式,但语言的简化趋势使得主动形式较常使用)

=As there is plenty of homework to do/to be done,Tom will have to stay up tonight.

【译文】因为有大量的工作要做,汤姆今晚不得不熬夜。


The dark clouds having dispersed,the sun shone again. (The dark clouds 禾U disperse 是主 动的关系;用完成时态强调disperse在shine之前发生)

=After the dark clouds had dispersed,the sun shone again.

【译文】乌云散去,太阳重放光芒。


The strike having been called off,the workers returned to the factory. (The strike 和 call off是被动的关系;用完成时态强调call off在return之前发生)

=As the strike had been called off,the workers returned to the factory.

【译文】由于罢工已经取消,工人们返回了工厂。


注:名词+ having been done是独立主格结构中相对较复杂的形式,既表7K名词和do的被 动关系,又强调do发生在谓语动词之前。

再比如:


The speech having been delivered,a lively discussion started.

=After the speech had been delivered,a lively discussion started.

【译文】演讲结束后,开始了热烈的讨论。


All the tasks having been fulfilled ahead of time,they decided to go on holiday for a week.

=As/After all the tasks had been fulfilled ahead of time,they decided to go on holiday for a week.

【译文】因为所有的任务都提前完成,他们决定度假一周。


All flights having been cancelled because of the snowstorm,many passengers could do nothing but take the train.

=As all flights had been cancelled because of the snowstorm,many passengers could do nothing but take the train.

【译文】由于暴风雪,所有的航班都已取消,许多乘客别无选择只能乘火车。


A new technique having been worked out,the yields as a whole increased by 20%.

=As a new technique had been worked out,the yields as a whole increased by 20%.

【译文】由于发明了一项新技术,产量整体增长了20%。


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