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  4. 【英语语法】时间状语从句讲解

【英语语法】时间状语从句讲解

2012/12/8 2133 JJ
【英语语法】时间状语从句讲解,珠海IBS编辑和大家分享时间状语从句讲解有关用法和案例,请阅读下文. 1. when,while,as 用法比较 (1)当时间状语从句为进行时态时,三者都可使用.

英语语法时间状语从句讲解英语培训学校编辑和大家分享时间状语从句讲解有关用法和案例,请阅读下文。

1. when,while,as 用法比较

(1)当时间状语从句为进行时态时,三者都可使用。

例如:

While /As/ When I was taking a bath,the telephone rang.

【译文】我在洗澡的时候,电话铃响了。

(2)下列时间状语从句情形,只可使用when。

主句在前,表示事件发生的背景氛围,这时when引导的时间状语从句,有“突然”的意思。

例如:

I was admiring her long,glossy hair when she turned around and stared at me angrily.

【译文】我正在欣赏她那光亮的长发,突然她转过身愤怒地瞪着我。

两件事先后紧接着发生,且都持续时间不长。

例如:

When I arrived at the spot where he got run over by a car,I was shocked at the sight

【译文】我赶到他被车碾过的现场,眼前的悲惨景象让我震惊。

谈论的是一段时期里发生的事。 

例如:

He was regarded as somehow mentally retarded when he was a young boy.

【译文】他年幼时,人们认为他的智力有些迟钝。

表不每次,意思相当于 whenever,every time,each time。

例如:

He flinched when she spoke to him.

【译文】每次她与他讲话时,他就很紧张。 

(3) while表示某段时间”的持续,因此时间状语从句动词多为“可持续性的”,并且多用进行时态。

例如:

While the child was playing with the cat,his parents were watching TV.

【译文】孩子逗猫玩的时候,他的父母在看电视。

He stopped watering flowers and began to go in to take a rest while his wife was knitting a sweater for their pet dog.

【译文】他浇完水,便走进房间休息,此时他的妻子在为他们的宠物狗织毛衣。

When/as the bottle was opened,he was greeted with an offensive smell of spoilt fish.

【译文】瓶子打开了,一种难闻的烂鱼味迎面扑来。

注:此句的时间状语从句中,谓语动词是open,为“非持续性动词”,所以不能用“while”。

(4)当表示“随着”之意时,一般多用as。

例如:

As the wine ages,its flavor improves.

【译文】酒保存的时间越长,味道就越香醇。

The government is under increasing pressure as inflation spires without showing signs of slowing down in the short run.

【译文】通货膨胀越来越严重,丝毫没有在短期减缓的迹象,随之政府的压力也越来越大。

注:while还可以表示对比,让步和条件的意思;when也可以表示让步和条件。 例如:

My girlfriend likes shopping while I like sports.(对比)

【译文】我的女友喜欢购物,而我则喜欢体育。

While he knows a lot about computer,his typing is unbelievably slow.(让步)

【译文】虽然他精通电脑,但打字速度却慢得令人难以置信。

While there is life?there is hope.(条件,此含义了解即可)

【译文】留得青山在,不怕没柴烧。(只要有生命,就有希望。)

He borrows from his friends when he can draw on his own bank savings, (让步)

【译文】虽然自己在银行里有钱可取,他却从朋友处借钱。

Operating the machine will be so simple when you understand how it works.(条件)

【译文】一旦你了解了此机器是如何运转的,操作它便变得易如反掌。


2.till和until用法比较

在时间状语从句中两词经常可以互换使用,但在句首只能用until 例如:

I stayed there talking to them until I saw Sam leave the building.

【译文】我待在那儿和他们聊天,直到看见山姆离开大楼。

He grabbed me and shook me till my teeth rattled.

【译文】他突然抓住我,用力晃我的身体,晃得我牙齿咯咯作响。

Tell him I won't discuss anything until l've spoken to my wife.

【译文】告诉他,我在和夫人讲之前,不会和他谈任何事。

Until this unfortunate incident occurred,they had lived in harmony with their neighbors.

【译文】在这起不幸的事件发生以前,他们一直和邻居相处得很和睦。


3,the + time, the day, minute, moment, instant等均可引导时间状语从句,表示"一......就......"(=as soon as) 此外,immediately,directly,instantly 在非正式英语中也常用来引导时间状语从句,表示同样的意思。

例如:

The moment he saw her,he fell in love with her.

【译文】他对她一见钟情。

The instant/Instantly the button is pressed,the mine explodes

【译文】一按按钮,煤矿就会爆炸。

My sister came immediately she got my message.

【译文】我姐姐一收到我的消息就赶来了。

以上分别对时间状语从句的引导词做一个例句分析。


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