您好,欢迎来到珠海市国际商务培训学校!

咨询热线:0756-3612377

免费热线:4008-376-377

  1. 首页
  2. 学习园地
  3. 英语语法
  4. 英语语法 倒装句

英语语法 倒装句

2010/3/17 1612 JJ
英语语法 倒装句,一 概念: 英语句子通常有两种语序:一种主语在前 谓语在后 称为自然语序 另一种谓语在前 主语在后 称为倒装语序

一.概念:

英语句子通常有两种语序:一种主语在前,谓语在后,称为自然语序,另一种谓语在前,主语在后,称为倒装语序。


二.相关知识点精讲

按主语+ 谓语,这种顺序排列的句子是陈述语序。如果排列顺序变为“谓语( 或谓语一部分)+主语,就是倒装。倒装句分为:


完全倒装:整个谓语移至主语前面叫完全倒装。

部分倒装:只把助动词、系动词或情态动词放在主语之前叫部分倒装。


1. 当以there, here, out , in , up , down, away 等副词开头的句子,为了起到强调的作用,可构成倒装句,只把副词放在句首,主语和谓语位置调换,不加助动词。

Our teacher came in.

In came our teacher.

这种倒装要求:主语必须是名词。主语是人称代词时,主语和谓语语序不变。

Here it is.

Away he went.

这类倒装句式一般只用一般现在时和一般过去时。

Here comes the bus.

Out rushed the boys.


2. how, then, just, often 表示时间的副词放在句首,可构成倒装句,只把副词放在句首,主语和谓语位置调换,不加助动词。

Then came 8 years of the Anti Japanese War.


3. 表地点状语的介词短语放在句首,要用倒装句式,以示强调。

这种倒装句也是主谓直接调换位置,不加助动词did, does或do.

Under a big tree ________, half asleep.

A. did sat a fat man B. a fat man sat

C. did a fat man sat D. sat a fat man


4. there放在句首时,要用倒装句式。

在“there + be结构中的谓语动词有时不用be , 而用表示类似存在观念的其他不及物动词。如:live, stand, come, lie, flow, enter, rise 和appear等。

There came shouts for help from the river.

There lies a large wheat field in front of the house.

Many years ago there lived an old man in the wooden house.

In front of the tower flews a stream.


5. so + 动词+主语

neither/ nor + 动词+主语

表示两人的同样一个情况时,只能表示一件事,即上、下句所使用的动词、时态要一致。

否则要用so it is with.

You can ride a bike. So can I .

He has been to Beijing. So have I .

The first one isn't good, neither is the second.

His uncle is a worker and has been working in the factory for more than ten years. So it is with his aunt.


6. so+ 形容词/副词that 的结构状语从句可以用正常语序表示,也可以把so+形容词/副词放于句首构成倒装。句型如下: so +形容词/副词+be/助动词/情态动词that +从句。

Light travels so fast that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed.

= So fast does light travel that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed.

So easy was the work that they finished it in a few days.


7. done做形容词在句中做表语时,常把表语放在句首,要用倒装句式。

Gone forever are the days when the Chinese people had to use foreign oil.


8. 否定副词not , never, seldom, nowhere, little , rarely 放于句首时要用倒装句式。

We seldom get up at four in the morning.

= Seldom do we get up at four in the morning.

Not a single word from him could the enemy drag.

Rarely have I heard of such a silly thing.


9. hardly when; scarcely when no sooner than可以用正常语序 had hardly done when did 或用倒装句式Hardly had + 主语+ done when did 句式。hardly所在的句子用过去完成时。


The bell hardly had rung when the class began.= Hardly had the bell rung when the class began.

No sooner had he arrived in Beijing than he began to work.


10. not only but also 如连接两个成分时,不用倒装;连接句子时, 前面的句子要用倒装。

Not only was everything that he had taken away from him, but also his German citizenship.

Not only is he busy, but also I have a lot of work to do.

Not only does he speak English very well, but also he speaks French well.


11. only 及所修饰的副词、介词短语或状语从句放在句首时,要用:

only+ 状语+ be /助动词/情态动词+主语及其他

Only when he told me the news did I know what had happened.

Only in this way can you make progress in your English.


12. 虚拟语气中的倒装句

If I were you, I would take the job. = Were I you, I would take the job.


分享“英语语法 倒装句”请附上链接:http://www.zhibs.net/english/grammar/144.html

文章排行 TOP ARTICLES

  • 日榜
  • 周榜

最新问答 QUESTIONS