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  4. 【英语语法】as...as结构

【英语语法】as...as结构

2013/1/3 2144 JJ
阅读下文. 1.as.as.结构 此结构是同级比较,第一个as是副词,修饰形容词或其它副词;第二个as是连词,连接比较状语从句;前者连接"比较方面",后者连接"比较对象";意为"和.一样.

 【英语语法as...as结构,珠海IBS编辑和大家分享英语特殊结构中的各种关于as...as结构的用法和例句,请阅读下文。

  1. as...as...结构


此结构是同级比较,第一个as是副词,修饰形容词或其它副词;第二个as是连词,连接比较状语从句;前者连接比较方面,后者连接比较对象意为和......一样......。


例如:

He is as old as l(am).

【译文】他和我一样大。

【注释】第一个as后的old表示比较方面,第二个as后的I表示比较对象。

He used to be almost as well-off as his brother was.

【译文】他过去和他兄弟儿乎一样的富裕。

【注释】第一个as后的well-off,表示比较方面;第二个as后的his brother表示比较对象。


2.not as/as...as...结构


此结构是as...as...的否定形式,表示不像......那样......,强调后者(第二个as后的对象)胜于前者。在美国英语中,杏定常采用not so...as的形式。


例如:

People are not so genuine as they used to be.

【译文】人们不像过去那样真诚了。

The Chinese people are not so poor as many Americans imagine.

【译文】中同人不像许多美国人想象中那样贫穷。


3. not so much A as B 结构


从原理上讲,此结构和not as/so...as...是一致的(强调后者胜过前者),只不过多了 much (表程度),所以意义更加具体一些,可理解为与其......不如......。


例如:

He is not so much a doctor as a teacher.

【译文】与其说他是一个医生,不如说他是一个老师


It wasn‘t so much that I disliked her as that I just wasn’t interested in the whole business.

【译文】与其说我不喜欢她,不如说我对整个事情根本不感兴趣。


The great use of a school education is not so much to teach you things as to teach you the art of learning.

【译文】学校教育的根本意义与其说是教给你东西,不如说是教给你学习的艺术。


注:此结构有时也可被改写成not...so much ...as...,意义不变。 


例如:

The problem set for society is not the virtues of this group so much as its adequacy for its function.

【译文】社会要冋答的问题与其说是这一群体有无美德,不如说是他们是否胜任其 职责。


4. not so much as...结构


这是一个加强否定语气的结构,可理解为一个固定搭配,意为甚至没有......。

例如:

I don‘t so much as know his name.

【译文】我甚至不知道他的名字。


He has not so much as been to the capital of his country.

【译文】他甚至都没去过自己国家的首都。


We now pass through these electronic friskers(搜身器)without so much as a side way 着的)glance.

【译文】我们现在穿过这些电子搜身器时,甚至都不会斜视一眼。


5. as much...as...结构

从原理上讲,此结构和...结构是一致的,只不过多了 much(表程度),所以意义更加具体一些,可理解为和......(在同等程度上)一样...。 例如:


The gorilla remains as much a mystery as they used to be.

【译文】如同过去一样,大猩猩仍然是个谜。


He is as much an artist as a scientist.

【译文】他既是一位科学家也是一位艺术家。


lt’s as much a question as anything else.

【译文】它在很大的程度上是个问题。


注:此结构有时也可改写为...as much as...


例如:

The gorilla remains a mystery as much as they used to be.

It‘s a question as much as anything else.


6. as well as...结构


as well as...表示不仅......或和......,从比较的原理上讲,此结构后面的事物只是比较对象而已,而其前面的事物才是被强调的重点。


例如:

He is a teacher as well as a soldier.

【译文】他不仅是一名军人也是一名教师


As well as food and drinks they collected women. (= They collected women as well as food and drink.)

【译文】他们不仅抢吃的、抢喝的,而且还抢女人。


As well as the danger from enemy action, people had to cope with a severe shortage of food,clothing and almost everything.

【译文】不仅仅是(除了)来自敌人的危险,人们还要必须应对食物、衣物等几乎一切物 资的严重匮乏。


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