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  4. 【英语语法】名词性从句讲解重难点

【英语语法】名词性从句讲解重难点

2012/12/3 2029 JJ
名词性从句讲解重难点:在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词性从句 (Noun Clauses)。 名词性从句的功能相当于名词词组, 它在复合句中能担任主语、宾语、表语、同位语、介词宾语等,因此根据它在句中不同的语法功能,名词性从句又可分别称为主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。

英语语法名词性从句讲解重难点,珠海IBS英语学校编辑和大家分享名词性从句讲解,请阅读下文。

名词性从句讲解重难点


有些wh-疑问词所引导的名词性从句,在形式上和上述的名词性从句完全一致,但在意思 逻辑上却并无疑问之意,也无感叹之意,而是相当于一个表示泛指的名词作先行词加上一个定语从句,表示一种陈述。判断它的标准就是该句子在上下文中有无疑问或感叹之意,如果没有,则肯定属于此类特殊情形。


一、名词性从句讲解-原理展示

例句1:

(What is one man's meat) is another man's poison.

=The thing (that is one man,s meat) is another man‘s poison.

【译文】萝卜青菜各有所爱。


例句2:

l'll eat(whatever you cook).

=I'll eat anything (that you cook).

【译文】你做什么我吃什么。


例句3:

Is he (who you are looking for) ?

=Is he the man (who you are looking for)?

【译文】他就是你要找的人吗?


例句4:

l'll give the ticket to(whoever wants it).

=I'll give the ticket to anyone (who wants it).

【译文】谁想要这张票,我就给谁。


例句5:

(Whoever breaks the window) pays.

=Anyone (who breaks the window) pays.

【译文】谁打坏窗户谁赔。


例句6:

That's(how we handled the problem).

=That's the way (that we handled the problem).

【译文】这就是我们处理此问题的方式。


例句7:

That's(why I don't go there any more).

That's the reason (why I don't go there any more)

【译文】这就是我为什么不再去那里的原因。


二、名词性从句讲解-挑战难句

例句1:

Reading is to the mind(what water is to fish).

=Reading is to the mind the thing (that water is to fish).

【译文】阅读对于人的心智就像水对于鱼一样的重要。


例句2:

His great grandfather was among the first to settle in(what is the famous mountain resort).

=His great grandfather was among the first to settle in the place ( which is the famous mountain resort).

【译文】他的曾祖父是最早定居在此山间旅游胜地的人之一。


例句3:

After(what seemed an endless wait),it was his turn to step into the employer's office.

=After the wait (that seemed an endless wait),it was his turn to step into the employer's office.

【译文】经过没完没了的等待以后,终于轮到他进老板办公室了。


例句4:

Tell(whoever is waiting) that I will be back in ten minutes.

= Tell anyone (who is waiting) that I will be back in ten minutes.

【译文】告诉所有等待的人,我十分钟后回来。


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