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  4. 【英语语法】it作形式主语的用法

【英语语法】it作形式主语的用法

2012/11/27 4363 JJ
it作形式主语的用法:形式主语是动词不定式的一种,它也是逻辑主语, 可以把它归类到逻辑主语的第一种(不定式的逻辑主语) 用作宾语的不定式,用作目的状语,用作结果状语的不定式都是属于不定式的大概念里面的。

英语语法it作形式主语的用法,珠海IBS英语学校编辑和大家分享it作形式主语的用法,请阅读下文。

主语从句后置的情形

名词性从句做主语时,在结构形式上会给人一种头重脚轻的感觉(如上述各例句),为避免 这种句式结构的不平衡,常借用代词it来代替此名词性从句,而将此从句进行后置,这时的it 就是形式主语(假主语),真正的主语是后置的主语从句(真主语)。 


例如:

It is a miracle that he survived the earthquake.

It makes no difference whether he agrees to the plan or not.

It has never been explained why university students seem to enjoy practical jokes more than anyone else.

【译文】为什么大学生似乎比任何人都更喜欢恶作剧,从来没有人解释得清楚。


常见的it作形式主语的结构有以下四种:

a.It + be +形容词+ that-从句

It is necessary that...有必要

It is important that...重要的是

It is obvious that...       很明显

It is strange that...       奇怪的是

It is likely that...      可能的是

It is true that...      诚然

例如:

It is quite evident that a storm is coming.

It is clear to me that he is not a liar but a truth seeker


b. It + be + -ed 分词 + that-从句

It is believed that...人们相信

It is known to all that...众所周知

It has been decided that...   已决定

It must be pointed out that...必须指出的是

It is to be discussed that...有待讨论的是

It is said that...据说

例如:

It has been decided that the book be revised.


c. It + be +名词 + that-从句

It is common knowledge that...是常识

It is a surprise that...令人惊奇的是

It is a pity that...遗憾的是

It is no wonder that...不足为奇的是

It is a mystery that...让人神秘不解的是

例如:

It is a little known fact that there were already half a million Germans in America at the time of the American Revolution.

【译文】美国在大革命时期就已经有50万的德国移民,这是一个鲜为人知的事实。


d.It +不及物动词+ that-从句

It happens that...碰巧......

It occurred to me that...我突然想起......

It turned out that...结果是......

It seems/appears that...好像......

例如:

It was not until he got to an ATM that it occurred to me that he had left his card at home.

【译文】直到来到自动柜员机面前,我才突然想起他把银行卡落在了家里。 


It does not matter whether they turn up or not.

【译文】他们来不来没关系。


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