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  4. 【英语语法】that引导的定语从句

【英语语法】that引导的定语从句

2012/10/4 2474 JJ
【英语语法】that引导的定语从句,珠海IBS英语学校编辑和大家分享that引导的定语从句,请阅读下文. 1.当先行词是指物的all, little' few, much, any, anything, everything, nothing, none, the one时

英语语法that引导的定语从句,珠海IBS英语学校编辑和大家分享that引导的定语从句,请阅读下文。

1.当先行词是指物的all, little' few, much, any, anything, everything, nothing, none, the one时,或先行词被all, little, few, much, any, every,no等修饰时。如: 


All that can be done has been done.

能做的都已经做了 。


He will tell you everything that he heard about it. 

他将告诉你他所听到的关于这件事的一切。


There is little work that is fit for you.

没什么工作运合你做。


I have eaten all the food that is left.

我把剩下的所有食物都吃了 。


【注】当先行词是指人的all , any , few, one (s) , anyone , everyone , those , people ,he等时,只能用who 。如:


None so blind as those who won't see.

瞭眼不看事实的人眼最瞎。


Anyone who is over sixteen is allowed in. 

任何超过十六岁的人都允许进去。


I met someone who said he knew you. 

我碰到一个人,他说认识你。


He who has a mind to beat his dog will easily find his stick.

(谚)欲加之罪,何患无辞。


2.先行词是序数词或最高級形容词时,或者先行词被序数词(包括last,next)、最高級形容词及the only, the very等修饰时。如:


This is the first film that I have seen since I came here.

这是我到这里后所看的第一场电影。


This is the best that has been used against pollution.

这是用来防止污染的最好办法。


This is the very book that I am looking for.

这正是我一直在寻找的那本书。


3.先行词包括人和物时。如:


They often talk about the people and the things that they are interested in. 

他们常常谈论那些他们感兴趣的人和事。


Luxun and his works that we are familiar with are considered great. 

人们认为我们所熟识的鲁迅及其作品都很伟大。


4.当主句是以who或which升头的疑问句时,为了避免重复,多用that导。如:


Which is the house that caught fire last night? 

昨晚失火的是哪座房子? 


Who is the lady that is playing the piano? 

在弹钢琴的那位小姐是谁?


5.当先行词在定语从句中作表语时,只能用that。如:


This is a book that I have been looking for since last week.

这就是那本自上周以来我一直在寻找的书。


上文是5种关于that引导的定语从句的例句!


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