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英语论文写作指南(三)

2013/11/5 1101 Medy
英语论文写作指南(三)如何写英语论文?在确立好观点之后,需要找证据来支持你的观点,那到哪里找证据呢?如何将证据与你的观点相匹配?证据是否可以进一步细化,是否可以进一步扩展?

Searching For Evidence

找证据

Evidence

证据

The information you provide to support your point.

能支持你观点的信息


Where to Find Evidence:

到哪里找证据:

Quotations from novels

小说语录

Information from reputable non--fiction sources (books, websites, encyclopedias)

信誉良好的非小说源信息(书籍、网站、百科全书)

Quotations from experts

专家语录

Interview with people (friends, family, celebrities.)

采访的人(朋友,家人,名人专访)

Facts and statistics

事实和统计数据

Visual representations of facts/statistics (graphs, charts)

事实/统计数据的视觉陈述(图形,图表)

Questions:

问题:

Are women treated unfairly compared to men? Explain your answer using a range of evidence to support your ideas.

相对于男性,女性受到不公平对待?用一系列证据证明你的观点。


Point:

观点:

Women are treated unfairly as they are usually paid less than men for doing the same jobs.

女性受到不公平的对待,当他们做同样工作的时候,通常得到的报酬会比男性的少。


Matching evidence to your point:

将证据与你的观点相匹配

Evidence:

证据:

Men are twice as likely to get a promotion than women.

男性获得晋升的机会大概是女性的两倍。

Women in this Science Fields are paid 20% more than women in the Business Field.

在科学领域的女性获得的报酬比在商业领域的女性多20%。

Women in full—time paid work still earn 18% less than men in the same jobs.

在做同样的全职工作时,女性获得的报酬仍然比男性少18%。


Manipulating Evidence to Suit Point:

运用证据满足观点

“Despite the increasing pay rates in the past few decades, women in full—time paid work, with the exception of minimum—wage employment ,still earn 18% less than men in the same jobs. ”

“尽管在过去的几十年中工资率有所上升,但除去最低就业工资,全职女性的收入比在做同样工作的男性少18%。”

Could be refined to:

可以细化成:

“…women in full—time paid work… still earn 18% less than men in the same jobs”

“……全职工作的女性……仍然比在做同样工作的男性获得的报酬低18%。”

An ellipse (…) indicates you have left out some irrelevant information.

省略号(…)表示你已经省去了一些无关紧要的信息。


Could be extended to:

可以扩展为:

“despite the increasing pay rates in the past few decades, women in full—time paid work, with the exception of minimum—wage employment, still earn 18% less than men in the same jobs[she said ].”

“尽管在过去的几十年中工资率有所上升,但除去最低就业工资,全职女性的收入比在做同样工作的男性少18%。”【她说】

Brackets[ ]which contain extra information can add information to your quote that is needed for comprehension.

方括号【】包含额外的引用信息,这些信息能帮助读者更好地理解全文。


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相关阅读:

英语论文写作指南(一)

英语论文写作指南(二)


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